Israel to launch first spacecraft to the moon in December
The Israeli organization SpaceIL and the state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) announced plans to launch the country’s first spacecraft to the moon in December, making Israel the 4th country to accomplish the landing. The other three nations are the United States, Russia, and China.
The unmanned spacecraft, shaped like a pod and weighing some 585 kilogrammes (1,300 pounds) at launch, will land on the moon on February 13, 2019 if all goes according to plan, organizers SpaceIL told journalists.
It will be launched via a rocket from American entrepreneur Elon Musk’s SpaceX firm and its mission will include research on the moon’s magnetic field. Its first task however will be to plant an Israeli flag on the moon, organizers said.
The project began as part of the Google Lunar XPrize, which offered $30 million in prizes to encourage scientists and entrepreneurs to come up with relatively low-cost moon missions.
An Israeli team that later became known as SpaceIL decided to join the fray and eventually partnered with state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries.
The Google prize expired in March without a winner having reached the moon, but Israel’s team pledged to push forward.
The private initiative is expected to cost some $95 million, largely supported by Israeli billionaire Morris Kahn.
“It’s going to show the way for the rest of the world” to send a spacecraft to the moon at a reasonable cost, said IAI’s Ofer Doron.